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如何正确选择各类润滑脂的使用

发布时间:2011/4/14 点击:2486 字体大小: 返回
1)皂基润滑脂

  ZAOJIRUNHUAZHIZHANRUNHUAZHIDECHANLIANG90%ZUOYOU。SHIYONGZUIGUANGFAN。ZUICHANGSHIYONGDEYOUGAIJI、NAJI、LIJIGAINAJI、FUHEGAIJIDENGRUNHUAZHI。FUHELVJI、FUHELIJIRUNHUAZHIYEZHANYOUYIDINGDEBILI,ZHEILIANGZHONGZHISHIYOUFAZHANQIANJINGDEPINZHONG。

  (1)钙基润滑脂。是由天然脂肪或合成脂肪酸用氢氧化钙反应生成的钙皂稠化中等粘度石油润滑油制成。

  DIDIANZAI75~100℃ZHIJIAN,QISHIYONGWENDUBUNENGCHAOGUO60℃,RUCHAOGUOZHEIYIWENDU,RUNHUAZHIHUIBIANRUANSHENZHIJIEGOUPOHUAIBUNENGBAOZHENGRUNHUA。

  JUYOULIANGHAODEKANGSHUIXING,YUSHUIBUYIRUHUABIANZHI,SHIYUCHAOSHIHUANJINGHUOYUSHUIJIECHUDEGEZHONGJIXIEBUJIANDERUNHUA。

  JUYOUJIAODUANDEXIANWEIJIEGOU,YOULIANGHAODEJIANDUANANDINGXINGHECHUBIANANDINGXING,YINCIJUYOULIANGHAODERUNHUAXINGNENGHEFANGHUXINGNENG。

  (2)NAJIRUNHUAZHI,SHIYOUTIANRANHUOHECHENGZHIFANGSUANNAZAOCHOUHUAZHONGDENGZHANDUSHIYOURUNHUAYOUZHICHENG。

  JUYOUJIAOZHANGXIANWEIJIEGOUHELIANGHAODELASIXING,KEYISHIYONGZAIZHENDONGJIAODA、WENDUJIAOGAODEGUNDONGHUOHUADONGZHOUCHENGSHANG。YOUQISHISHIYONGYUDISU、GAOFUHEJIXIEDERUNHUA。YINQIDIDIANJIAOGAO,KEZAI80%HUOGAOYUCIWENDUXIAJIAOZHANGSHIJIANNEIGONGZUO。

  NAJIRUNHUAZHIKEYIXISHOUSHUIZHENGQI,YANHUANLESHUIZHENGQIXIANGJINSHUBIAOMIANDESHENTOU。YINCITAYOUYIDINGDEFANGHUXING。

  (3)GAINAJIRUNHUAZHI。JUYOUGAIJIHENAJIRUNHUAZHIDETEDIAN。

  YOUGAIJIZHIDEKANGSHUIXING,YOUYOUNAJIZHIDENAIWENXING,DIDIANZAI120℃ZUOYOU,SHIYONGWENDUFANWEIWEI90~100℃。

  JUYOULIANGHAODEJIXIEANQUANXINGHEBENGSHUSONGXING,KEYONGYUBUTAICHAOSHITIAOJIANXIADEGUNDONGZHOUCHENGSHANG。

  ZUICHANGYINGYONGDESHIZHOUCHENGZHIHEYAYANJIRUNHUAZHI,KEYONGYURUNHUAZHONGDENGFUHEDEDIANJI,GUFENGJI、QICHEDIPAN、LUNGUDENGBUWEIGUNDONGZHOUCHENG。

  (4)LIJIRUNHUAZHI。SHIYOUTIANRANZHIFANGSUAN(YINGZHISUANHUO12-QIANGJIYINGZHISUAN)LIZAOCHOUHUASHIYOURUNHUAYOUHUOHECHENGRUNHUAYOUZHICHENG。YOUHECHENGZHIFANGSUANLIZAOCHOUHUASHIYOURUNHUAYOUZHICHENGDE,CHENGWEIHECHENGLIJIRUNHUAZHI。

  YINLIJIRUNHUAZHIJUYOUDUOZHONGYOULIANGXINGNENG,BEIGUANGFANDIYONGYUFEIJI、QICHE、JICHUANGHEGEZHONGJIXIESHEBEIDEZHOUCHENGRUNHUA。DIDIANGAOYU180℃,NENGZHANGQIZAI120℃ZUOYOUHUANJINGXIASHIYONG。JUYOULIANGHAODEJIXIEANDINGXING,HUAXUEANDINGXINGHEDIWENXING,KEYONGZAIGAOZHUANSUDEJIXIEZHOUCHENGSHANG。JUYOUYOULIANGDEKANGSHUIXING,KESHIYONGZAICHAOSHIHEYUSHUIJIECHUDEJIXIEBUJIANSHANG。LIZAOCHOUHUANENGLIJIAOQIANG,ZAIRUNHUAZHIZHONGTIANJIAJIYA、FANGXIUDENGTIANJIAJIHOU,ZHICHENGDUOXIAOZHANGSHOUMINGRUNHUAZHI,JUYOUGUANGFANYONGTU。

  (5)FUHEGAIJIRUNHUAZHI。YONGZHIFANGSUANGAIZAOHEDIFENZISUANGAIYANZHICHENGDEFUHEGAIZAOCHOUHUAZHONGDENGZHANDUSHIYOURUNHUAYOUHUOHECHENGRUNHUAYOUZHICHENG。NAIWENXINGHAO,RUNHUAZHIDIDIANGAOYU180℃,SHIYONGWENDUKEZAI150℃ZUOYOU。

  JUYOULIANGHAODEKANGSHUIXING,JIXIEANDINGXINGHEJIAOTIANDINGXING。JUYOUJIAOHAODEJIYAXING,SHIYONGYUJIAOGAOWENDUHEFUHEJIAODADEJIXIEZHOUCHENGRUNHUA。FUHEGAIJIRUNHUAZHIBIAOMIANYIXISHUIYINGHUA,YINGXIANGTADESHIYONGXINGNENG。

  (6)FUHELVJIRUNHUAZHI。

  SHISHANYINGZHISUANHEDIFENZIYOUJISUAN(RUBENJIASUAN)DEFUHELVZAOCHOUHUABUTONGZHANDUSHIYOURUNHUAYOUZHICHENG。GUYOULIANGHAODEGEZHONGTEXING,SHIYONGYUGEZHONGDIANJI、JIAOTONGYUNSHU、GANGTIEQIYEJIQITAGEZHONGGONGYEJIXIESHEBEIDERUNHUA。ZHIYOUDUANDEXIANWEIJIEGOU,LIANGHAODEJIXIEANDINGXINGHEBENGSONGXING。YINQILIUDONGXINGHAO。SHIYONGYUJIZHONGRUNHUAXITONG。JUYOULIANGHAODEKANGSHUIXING,KEYIYONGYUJIAOCHAOSHIHUOYOUSHUICUNZAIXIADEJIXIERUNHUA。

  (7)FUHELIJIRUNHUAZHI。SHIYOUZHIFANGSUANLIZAOHEDIFENZISUANLIYAN(RURENERSUAN,GUIERSUAN,SHUIYANGSUANHEPENGSUANYANDENG)LIANGZHONGHUODUOZHONGHUAHEWUGONGJIEJING。CHOUHUABUTONGZHANDUSHIYOURUNHUAYOUZHICHENG,GUANGFANYINGYONGYUYAGANGCHANGLUQIANGUNDAOZHOUCHENG,QICHELUNZHOUCHENG、ZHONGXINGJIXIE、GEZHONGGAOJUKANGMOZHOUCHENGYIJICHILUN、WOLUN、WOGANDENGRUNHUA。JUYOUGAODEDIDIAN,JUYOUNAIGAOWENXING;FUHEZAODEXIANWEIJIEGOUQIANGDUGAO,ZAIGAOWENTIAOJIANXIAJUYOULIANGHAODEJIXIEANDINGXING,YOUZHANGDESHIYONGSHOUMING;YOULIANGHAODEKANGSHUILINTEXING,SHIYUCHAOSHIHUANJINGGONGZUOJIXIEDERUNHUA,RUYAGANGJIXIEDENG。

  2)WUJIRUNHUAZHI

  ZHUYAOYOUPENGRUNTURUNHUAZHIJIGUIJIAORUNHUAZHILIANGLEI。BIAOMIANGAIZHIDEGUIJIAOCHOUHUAJIAJIGUIYOUZHICHENGDERUNHUAZHI,KEYONGYUDIANQIJUEYUANJIZHENKONGMIFENG。PENGRUNTURUNHUAZHISHIYOUBIAOMIANHUOXINGJI(RUERJIAJISHIBAWANJIBIANJILVHUAANHUOANJIXIANAN)CHULIHOUDEYOUJIPENGRUNTUCHOUHUABUTONGZHANDUDESHIYOURUNHUAYOUHUOHECHENGRUNHUAYOUZHICHENG,SHIYONGYUQICHEDIPAN、LUNZHOUCHENGJIGAOWENBUWEIZHOUCHENGDERUNHUA,TAJUYOUYIXIATEDIAN。

  膨润土润滑脂没有滴点,它的耐温性能决定于表面活性剂和基础油的高温性能,它的低温性能决定于选用的基础油类型。稠化剂的用量对脂的低温性能也有影响。

  JUYOUJIAOHAODEJIAOTIANDINGXING,RUNHUAZHIDEJIXIEANDINGXINGSUIBIAOERHUOXINGJIDELEIXINGERYI。

  DUIJINSHUBIAOMIANDEFANGFUSHIXINGSHAOCHA。YINCI,RUNHUAZHIZHONGYAOTIANJIAFANGXIUJIYIGAISHANZHEIGEXINGNENG。

  3)YOUJIRUNHUAZHI

  GEZHONGYOUJIHUAHEWUCHOUHUASHIYOURUNHUAYOUHUOHECHENGRUNHUAYOU,GEJUYOUBUTONGDETEXING,ZHEIXIERUNHUAZHIDADOUZUOTESHUYONGTU。RUYINDANSHILIN、TAIJINGDONGCHOUHUAHECHENGRUNHUAYOUZHICHENGGAOWENRUNHUAZHIKEYONGYU200~250℃GONGKUANG;HANFUCHOUHUAXINGRUJUSIFUYIXICHOUHUAFUTANHUAHEWUHUOQUANFUMIZHICHENGDERUNHUAZHI,KENAIQIANGYANGHUAXING,ZUOWEITESHUBUJIANDERUNHUA。YOURUJUNIAORUNHUAZHIKEYONGYUKANGFUSHETIAOJIANXIADEZHOUCHENGRUNHUADENG。

  JUNIAORUNHUAZHISHIYOUJUNIAOCHOUHUAJICHOUHUASHIYOURUNHUAYOUHUOHECHENGRUNHUAYOUZHICHENG,NAIGAOWENXINGNENGHAO,ZAI25~225℃KUANWENFANWEINEIZHIDECHOUDUBIANHUABUDA,YOUYOUYUCHOUHUAJIFENZIZHONGBUHANJINSHULIZI,XIAOCHULEGAOWENXIAJINSHUDUIRUNFUYOUDECUIHUAZUOYONG,SUOYIYANGHUAANDINGXINGHAO;NIAOJIZHIZAI149℃,10.000R/MINTIAOJIANXIA,ZHOUCHENGYUNZHUANSHOUMINGCHAOGUO4000XIAOSHI。JUNIAOZHISHIJINSHINIANLAIXUNSUFAZHANDE—ZHONGGUANGFANYONGTUDECHANPIN,YONGYUGANGTIEGONGYEGAOXIBUWEIDERUNHUA,YONGYUSHIPINGONGYEHEDIANLI、DIANZIGONGYE,YIJIZHANGSHOUMINGDEMIFENGZHOUCHENGDERUNHUA。

  工程机械润滑脂的选择

  ZAIQIANGHUAXUEJIEZHIHUANJINGXIA,YINGXUANYONGRUFUTANRUNHUAZHIZHEIYANGDEKANGHUAXUEJIEZHIDEHECHENGYOURUNHUAZHI。

  (1)SUOXUANRUNHUAZHIYINGYUMOCAFUDEGONGZHIFANGSHIXIANGSHIYING

  SHUJIZHONGGONGZHISHI,YINGXUANZE00~1HAORUNHUAZHI;DUIYUDINGQIYONGZHIQIANG、ZHIBEIDENGJIAZHUZHIDEBUWEI,YINGXUANZE1~3HAORUNHUAZHI;DUIYUZHANGQISHIYONGERBUHUANZHIDEBUWEI,YINGXUANYONG2HAOHUO3HAORUNHUAZHI。

  (2)SUOXUANRUNHUAZHIYINGYUMOCAFUDEGONGZUOZHUANGTAIXIANGSHIYING

  RUZAIZHENDONGJIAODASHI,YINGYONGZHANDUGAO、ZHANFUXINGHEJIANZHENXINGHAODEZHI,RUGAOZHANDUHUANWANJIHUOHUNHEJIRUNHUAYOUCHOUHUADEFUHEZAOJIRUNHUAZHI。

  (3)SUOXUANRUNHUAZHIYINGYUQISHIYONGMUDEXIANGSHIYING

  DUIYURUNHUAYONGDEZHIXUANMOCAFUDELEIXING、GONGKUANG、GONGZUOZHUANGTAI、HUANJINGTIAOJIANHEGONGZHIFANGSHIDENGDEBUTONGERZUOJUTIXUANZE;DUIYUBAOHUYONGDEZHI,YINGNENGYOUXIAODIBAOHUJINSHUMIANSHOUFUSHI,RUBAOHUYUHAISHUISHUIJIECHUDEJIJIAN,YINGXUANZEZHANFUNENGLIQIANG、KANGSHUINENGLIDADELVJIRUNHUAZHI;YIBANBAOHUYONGZHIKEXUANYONGGUTITINGCHOUHUAGAOZHANDUJICHUYOUZHICHENGDEZHI。DUIYUMIFENGYONGZHI,YINGZHUYIQIDIKANGBEIMIFENGJIEZHIRONGJIDEXINGNENG。

  (4)SUOXUANRUNHUAZHIYINGJINLIANGBAOZHENGJIANSHAOZHIDEPINZHONG,TIGAOJINGJIXIAOYI。

  ZAIMANZUYAOQIUDEQINGKUANGXIA,JINLIANGXUANYONGLIJIZHI、FUHEZAOJIZHI、JUNIAOZHIDENGDUOXIAOTONGYONGDERUNHUAZHI。ZHEIYANG,JIJIANSHAOLEZHIDEPINZHONG,JIANHUALEZHIDEGUANLI,QIEYINDUOXIAOZHISHIYONGSHOUMINGZHANGERKEJIANGDIYONGZHICHENGBEN,JIANSHAOWEIXIUFEIYONG。

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